Tuesday, June 9, 2020

5 Useful Resources to Enlarge Your Baggage of English Creative Writing Techniques

5 Useful Resources to Enlarge Your Baggage of English Creative Writing Techniques Creative wrÃ'â€"tÃ'â€"ng is Ð ¾nÐ µ of thÐ µ mÐ ¾Ã'•t absorbing and enjoyable skills thÐ °t Ã'Æ'Ð ¾u   hÐ °vÐ µ. And Ã'â€"f you are a pro Ð °t it, thÐ µn Ã'Æ'Ð ¾u Ã' Ã °n move Ð ¾n tÐ ¾ writing very good essays and dissertations that people will find interesting to read. HÐ ¾wÐ µvÐ µr, if Ã'Æ'Ð ¾u Ð °rÐ µ blundÐ µrÃ'â€"ng fÐ ¾rwÐ °rd blindly, without any guidance or fÐ µÃ µdbÐ °Ã' k Ð ¾n hÐ ¾w to Ã'â€"mÃ'€rÐ ¾vÐ µ your Ã' rÐ °ft, thÐ µn Ã'Æ'Ð ¾u mÐ °Ã'Æ' Ð ¾ftÐ µn fÃ'â€"nd Ã'Æ'Ð ¾urÃ'•Ð µlf getting frustrated, Ð ¾r fÃ'â€"nd thÐ °t Ã'Æ'Ð ¾ur disappointment Ã'â€"n whÐ °t Ã'Æ'Ð ¾urÐ µ trÃ'Æ'Ã'â€"ng tÐ ¾ achieve Ã' Ã °n detract frÐ ¾m thÐ µ grÐ µÃ °t wrÃ'â€"tÃ'â€"ng that youre Ã'€rÐ ¾duÃ' Ã'â€"ng. 1. Above All, WrÃ'â€"tÐ µ! TrÃ'Æ' Ð °nd mÐ °kÐ µ regular uÃ'•Ð µ of your Ã'•kÃ'â€"llÃ'•. It doesnt matter what fÐ ¾rm of Ã' rÐ µÃ °tÃ'â€"vÐ µ writing it is, Ð °nd when you Ð °rÐ µ Ð °Ã' tuÐ °llÃ'Æ' completing it. You may write just a fÐ µw lÃ'â€"nÐ µÃ'• jÐ ¾ttÐ µd dÐ ¾wn Ã'â€"n a notebook, or on your device, by the way, your creative writing depends on dÐ ¾Ã'â€"ng a large Ð °mÐ ¾unt Ð ¾f wÐ ¾rk at it. 2. Practice Makes Perfect ThÐ µ same wÐ °Ã'Æ' thÐ °t mÐ µtÐ °l joints Ã' Ã °n gÐ µt ruÃ'•tÃ'Æ' if they rÐ µmÐ °Ã'â€"n Ã'•tÐ °tÃ'â€"Ð ¾nÐ °rÃ'Æ' fÐ ¾r tÐ ¾Ã ¾ lÐ ¾ng, so your wrÃ'â€"tÃ'â€"ng skills can downplay Ã'â€"f Ã'Æ'Ð ¾u do not mÐ °kÐ µ rÐ µgulÐ °r uÃ'•Ð µ of thÐ µm. Depending on whÐ °t Ã'Æ'Ð ¾u Ð °rÐ µ hÐ ¾Ã'€Ã'â€"ng tÐ ¾ achieve frÐ ¾m Ã'Æ'Ð ¾ur wrÃ'â€"tÃ'â€"ng, the amount of tÃ'â€"mÐ µ Ð °nd Ð µffÐ ¾rts thÐ °t you will need to spend, in order to dÐ µvÐ µlÐ ¾Ã'€ Ã'Æ'Ð ¾ur Ã'•kÃ'â€"llÃ'•, mÐ °Ã'Æ' vÐ °rÃ'Æ'. CrÐ µÃ °tÃ'â€"vÐ µ writing Ã'•uÃ' h Ð °Ã'• Ã'€Ð ¾Ã µtrÃ'Æ', whÃ'â€"Ã' h requÃ'â€"rÐ µÃ'• more thought Ð °nd Ã' Ã °rÐ µ, mÃ'â€"ght mean thÐ °t Ð µvÐ µn a fÐ µw vÐ µrÃ'•Ð µÃ'• Ã' Ã °n take a fÐ µw dÐ °Ã'Æ'Ã'•, Ã'•Ð ¾ it Ã'â€"Ã'• rÐ µÃ °llÃ'Æ' Ð °ll Ð °bÐ ¾ut finding the rÃ'â€"ght Ã'€Ð °Ã' Ã µ Ð ¾f wrÃ'â€"tÃ'â€"ng that is mÐ ¾Ã'•t suitable fÐ ¾r you. 3. ExÐ µrÃ' Ã'â€"Ã'•Ð µ Your CrÐ µÃ °tÃ'â€"vity Almost all writers find thÐ µmÃ'•Ð µlvÐ µÃ'• unÐ °blÐ µ tÐ ¾ think Ð ¾f anything to wrÃ'â€"tÐ µ about frÐ ¾m tÃ'â€"mÐ µ tÐ ¾ tÃ'â€"mÐ µ as well as to find Ã'â€"nÃ'•Ã'€Ã'â€"rÐ °tÃ'â€"Ð ¾n that can be frustrating. SÐ ¾mÐ µ people, who are going to use thÐ µÃ'â€"r wrÃ'â€"tÃ'â€"ng skills in a specific profession, mÐ °Ã'Æ' benefit frÐ ¾m doing a fÐ µw exercises on English creative writing techniques to sharpen their grasp in the particular field. The best way is to describe an item that has impressed you a lot. Try to tell this to your mate and remember to make it as creative as possible to capture friend’s interest. 4. Internet Browsing ThrÐ ¾ugh browsing the wÐ µbÃ'•Ã'â€"tÐ µÃ'• that dÐ µÃ °l wÃ'â€"th Ã' rÐ µÃ °tÃ'â€"vÐ µ wrÃ'â€"tÃ'â€"ng Ð ¾nlÃ'â€"nÐ µ tips, Ã'Æ'Ð ¾u Ã' Ã °n uÃ'•uÐ °llÃ'Æ' find a numbÐ µr Ð ¾f Ð µxÐ µrÃ' Ã'â€"Ã'•Ð µÃ'• which Ã'Æ'Ð ¾u can handle in Ð ¾rdÐ µr tÐ ¾ improve Ã'Æ'Ð ¾ur skills, Ð ¾r simply tÐ ¾ lÐ ¾Ã ¾Ã'•Ð µn uÃ'€, Ã'•Ð ¾ thÐ °t words wÐ ¾uld flow nÐ °turÐ °llÃ'Æ'. 5. CrÐ µÃ °tÃ'â€"vÐ µ WrÃ'â€"tÃ'â€"ng CÐ ¾urÃ'•Ð µÃ'• If you have a desire to differ yourself from everybody else in your class, it wont do you any harm to enroll in a writing course. From such a learning you will get great items such as your ability to put words together in a way to make people stare. Even in writing boring essay topics or academic papers you will stand out from the rest. CrÐ µÃ °tÃ'â€"vÐ µ writing Ã'â€"Ã'• a wÐ ¾ndÐ µrful skill to possess. One of the hardest aspects of college is having to submit essays and academic papers. To be good enough at it, and not to loose the achieved skills, you have to practice all the time.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Understanding Fearful Avoidant Attachment Style

Individuals with a  fearful avoidant attachment style desire close relationships, but feel uncomfortable relying on others and fear being let down. Fearful avoidant is one of four key styles of attachment proposed by psychologist John Bowlby, who developed attachment theory.   Key Takeaways: Fearful Avoidant Attachment Attachment theory is a theory in psychology that explains how and why we form close relationships to other people.According to attachment theory, our early experiences in life can cause us to develop expectations that affect our relationships throughout our lives.Individuals with a fearful avoidant attachment style worry about being rejected and are uncomfortable with closeness in their relationships.Having a fearful avoidant attachment style is linked to negative outcomes, such as a higher risk of social anxiety and depression as well as less fulfilling interpersonal relationships.Recent research suggests that it’s possible to change one’s attachment style and to develop healthier ways of relating to others. Attachment Theory Overview When studying the interactions between infants and their caregivers, Bowlby noticed that infants had a need to be in close proximity to their caregivers and that they often became quite distressed when separated. Bowlby suggested that this response was part of an evolved behavior: because young infants are dependent upon parents for caregiving, forming a close attachment to parents is evolutionarily adaptive.  Ã‚   According to attachment theory, individuals develop expectations about how other people will behave  based upon  those early attachments.  For example, if a childs parents are generally responsive and supportive when he or she is distressed, attachment theory would predict that the child would become a trusting adult. On the other hand, a child whose parents responded inconsistently or negatively might have difficulty trusting others upon reaching adulthood.   The 4 Attachment Styles Generally speaking, there are four different prototypical attachment styles that can explain our attitudes and beliefs about relationships: Secure.  Individuals with a secure attachment  style feel comfortable trusting others. They see themselves as worthy of love and support and are confident that others will support them if they need help.Anxious (also known as preoccupied or anxious-ambivalent). Anxiously attached individuals want to rely on others, but worry that others won’t support them in the way that they want. According to psychologists Kim Bartholomew and Leonard Horowitz, anxiously attached individuals typically have positive evaluations of other people but tend to doubt their self-worth, which causes them to seek out the support of others but also worry about whether their feelings for others will be reciprocated.Avoidant (also known as dismissing-avoidant). Avoidant individuals  tend to limit the closeness of their relationships and feel uncomfortable relying on other people. According to Bartholomew and Horowitz, avoidant individuals typically have positive views of themselves but believe that other people can’t be counted on. Consequently, avoidant individuals tend to remain independent and often try to avoid any form of dependence.Fearful avoidant.  Individuals  with a fearful avoidant attachment style have characteristics of both anxious and avoidant individuals. Bartholomew and Horowitz write that they tend to have negative views of both themselves and others, feel unworthy of support, and anticipate that others will not support them. As a result, they feel uncomfortable relying on others despite a desire for close relationships. Most people do not  fit the attachment style prototypes perfectly; instead, researchers measure attachment style as a spectrum. In attachment questionnaires, researchers give participants questions measuring both their anxiety and avoidance in relationships. Anxiety  survey items include statements such as, â€Å"Im afraid that I will lose my partners love,† while avoidance survey items include statements like, I  dont feel comfortable opening up to romantic partners.† On these measures of attachment, fearful avoidant individuals  score highly on both anxiety and avoidance. Roots of the Fearful Avoidant Attachment Style If parents are not responsive to a childs needs, the child may develop a fearful avoidant attachment style. Psychologist  Hal Shorey writes that people with fearful avoidant attachment styles may have had parents who responded to their needs in threatening ways or who were otherwise unable to care for and comfort the child. Similarly, researcher Antonia Bifulco  found that fearful avoidant attachment is  linked to childhood abuse and neglect. However, some research suggests that fearful avoidant attachment style may have other origins as well. In fact,  in one study  conducted by  Katherine Carnelley and her colleagues, the researchers found that attachment style was related to participants’ relationships with their mothers when they looked at college student participants. However, among a group of older participants, researchers did not find the expected link between early experiences and attachment. In other words, while early life experiences do affect attachment style, other factors may also play a role. Key Studies Some research suggests that fearful avoidant attachment style is connected to  an increased  risk of anxiety and depression. In a study conducted by Barbara Murphy and Glen Bates at the Swinburne University of Technology in Australia, researchers compared attachment style and symptoms of depression among 305 research participants. The researchers found that fewer than 20% of participants had a fearful avoidant attachment style, but, among participants whom the researchers categorized as depressed, the prevalence of fearful avoidant attachment was much higher. In fact, nearly half of  participants categorized as depressed displayed a fearful avoidant attachment style. Other research has corroborated these findings.   Psychologists have found that individuals  with secure attachment styles tend to self-report  healthier and more satisfying relationships than insecurely attached individuals. In a study conducted by noted attachment researchers  Cindy Hazan and Phillip Shaver, researchers asked participants questions  about their most important romantic relationships. The researchers found that secure participants reported having relationships that lasted longer than avoidant and anxious participants’ relationships. Because fearful avoidant attachment style encompasses elements of both anxiety and avoidance, this particular attachment style can lead to interpersonal difficulties. For example, Shorey writes that people with a fearful avoidant attachment style want close relationships, but may pull away because of their anxieties and worries about relationships. Changing Attachment Style According to recent research, the negative outcomes of fearful avoidant attachment style are not inevitable. Individuals can utilize therapy to change relationship behavior patterns and cultivate a more secure attachment style. According to  the Greater Good Science Center, therapy  provides an outlet for understanding ones attachment style and practicing  new ways of thinking about relationships. Additional research has found that being in a relationship with someone who is securely attached can be beneficial to those with less secure attachment styles. In other words, people with less secure attachment styles may gradually become more comfortable if they are in a relationship with someone who has a secure attachment style. If two individuals who are not securely attached find themselves in a relationship together, it has been suggested that they may benefit from couple’s therapy. Healthier relationship dynamics are possible by coming to understand ones own attachment style as well as the attachment style of ones partner. Sources and Further Reading Bartholomew, Kim. â€Å"Avoidance of Intimacy: An Attachment Perspective.† Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 7.2 (1990): 147-178. http://www.rebeccajorgensen.com/libr/Journal_of_Social_and_Personal_Relationships-1990-Bartholomew-147-781.pdfBartholomew, Kim and Leonard M. Horowitz. â€Å"Attachment Styles Among Young Adults: A Test of a Four-Category Model.† Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 61.2 (1991): 226-244. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6b60/00ae9911fa9f9ec6345048b5a20501bdcedf.pdfBifulco, Antonia, et al. â€Å"Adult Attachment Style As Mediator Between Childhood Neglect/Abuse and Adult Depression and Anxiety.† Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 41.10 (2006): 796-805. http://attachmentstyleinterview.com/pdf%20files/Adult_Att_Style_as_Mediator.pdfCarnelley, Katherine B., Paula R. Pietromonaco, and Kenneth Jaffe. â€Å"Depression, Working Models of Others, and Relationship Functioning.† Journal of Personality and Soc ial Psychology 66.1 (1994): 127-140. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8126643Djossa, Erica. â€Å"Is There Hope for the Insecurely Attached?† Science of Relationships (2014, June 19). http://www.scienceofrelationships.com/home/2014/6/19/is-there-hope-for-the-insecurely-attached.htmlâ€Å"The Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Revised (ECR-R) Questionnaire.† http://fetzer.org/sites/default/files/images/stories/pdf/selfmeasures/Attachment-ExperienceinCloseRelationshipsRevised.pdfFraley, R. Chris. â€Å"Adult Attachment Theory and Research: A Brief Overview.† University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign: Department of Psychology (2018). http://labs.psychology.illinois.edu/~rcfraley/attachment.htmHazan, Cindy, and Phillip Shaver. â€Å"Romantic Love Conceptualized as an Attachment Process.† Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 52.3 (1987): 511-524. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a7ed/78521d0d3a52b6ce532e89ce6ba185b355c3.pdfLaslocky, Meghan. à ¢â‚¬Å"How to Stop Attachment Insecurity from Ruining Your Love Life.† Greater Good Magazine (2014, Feb. 13). https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/how_to_stop_attachment_insecurity_from_ruining_your_love_lifeMurphy, Barbara, and Glen W. Bates. â€Å"Adult Attachment Style and Vulnerability to Depression.† Personality and Individual Differences 22.6 (1997): 835-844. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886996002772Shorey, Hal. â€Å"Come Here-Go Away; the Dynamics of Fearful Attachment.† Psychology Today: The Freedom to Change (2015, May 26). https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-freedom-change/201505/come-here-go-away-the-dynamics-fearful-attachment

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Philosophy Moral Foundations 154 Reflection Paper Essay

Philosophy Moral Foundations 154 Dr. Weislogel 12/2/16 Reflection Paper Solving and analyzing problems has been at the forefront of philosophical studies. They tend to solve problems no other artist can solve. Most people are able to solve a simple problem until it becomes a moral problem. A problem which has two perspectives often calls for a person to make sensible decisions. Their decision may determine not only their stance on ethics, but it also determines their ability to think clearly while helping others. The situation presented in this scenario is one that requires thoughtful reasoning. There are many advantages of passing the SFE. Passing the SFE means getting an opportunity of a lifetime. Yet, I understand that not everyone can excel in the exam. Certain situations may force the participants not to excel, but for others it’s just that they lack the capacity to excel. I am somewhat sure I will pass, yet I keep thinking of my friends as well. I want them to excel too. One particular friend of mine has been having issues with her school life. A majority of the events leading to her current situation are the product of fate; they are out of her control. Before starting the exams, I accidentally got the test answers. I am thinking of my friend but I am also confused on the possible consequence surrounding this issue; should I give her the paper or not? In this essay, I sought to reflect on the problem and with the help of two objective philosophers,Show MoreRelatedFoundation Of Engineering Ethics And Values3793 Words   |  16 PagesFoundation of Engineering Ethics and Values Interaction between Ethics and Technology SUBMITTED BY SHIRISH KUMAR KATA 1498381 ADVISOR Prof. Colin Doyle OKLAHOMA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY ABSTRACT: At the outset morals and innovation appear to have no collaboration. On the other hand, we see the impact of morals on innovation both from the calling and the general population. Case in point the code of expert morals hasRead MoreLockean Philosophy in Jonathan Swifts Gullivers Travels3527 Words   |  15 PagesAn Exploration of Lockean Philosophy in Gullivers Travels  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚   Ricardo Quintana asserts in his study Two Augustans that even though Swift as a traditional philosophical realist dismissed Lockian empiricism with impatience, he recognized in Lockian political theory an enforcement of his own convictions (76). It may be argued, however, than when two contemporary authors, such as Locke and Swift, are shaped within the same matrix of cultural forces and events, they reveal through theirRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagessociology. I. Duberley, Joanne. II. Johnson, Phil, 1955III. Title. HM786.M33 2007 302.3’5—dc22 2006022347 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 10 09 08 07 06 Typeset in 10/12.5 pt sabon by 72 Printed by Ashford Colour Press Ltd., Gosport The publisher’s policy is to use paper manufactured from sustainable forests. . Brief Contents Preface List of figures List of tables Acknowledgements xiii xvii xix xx 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Introducing organization theory: what is it, and why does it matter? ModernistRead MoreInternational Management67196 Words   |  269 Pagesor other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on recycled, acid-free paper containing 10% postconsumer waste. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 QDB/QDB 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 978-0-07-811257-7 MHID 0-07-811257-5 Vice President Editor-in-Chief: Brent Gordon Vice President, EDP/Central Publishing Services: Kimberly Meriwether-DavidRead MoreCsr Communication in the Pharma Industry35538 Words   |  143 PagesTHE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY Josà © Javier Levrino 5.3.2. Alliance Boots Plc. 5.3.2.1. CSR communication strategy 5.3.3. Suzuken 5.3.3.1. CSR communication strategy 5.4. Conclusion to analysis of the websites 6. General conclusion 6.1. Final reflections 7. Bibliography 8. Appendices 8.1. Appendix 1: Celesio AG (screenshots - Appendices 1.1 - 1.11 ) 8.2. Appendix 2: Alliance Boots Plc. (screenshots - Appendices 2.1-2.7) 8.3. Appendix 3: Suzuken (screenshots - Appendices 3.1-3.16) 74 74 75 75Read MoreGame Theory and Economic Analyst83847 Words   |  336 Pagesassociated with him. Thus game theory requires a deeper investigation of the ï ¬ eld of epistemic logic (Aumann 1999). If this layer of semantics in game theory enlarges its perspectives, it also holds in store various logical surprises about the foundations of the knowledge it transmits. As for the new openness towards experimental psychology, it enriches its domain while complicating the game theoretician’s methodological task. Making judgments turns out to be delicate when the experimental results Read MoreA Case Study of International Brand Management: Comparison of Lexus Brand Management in Brazil, United States and Japan.39374 Words   |  158 Pagesthose competing in a product class in which technology and innovation are important attributes. †¢ Concern for customers. Many brands have the customer first as a core value. This is credible when there is an organization behind communicating such a philosophy. In this way customers trust the product, and feel that someone cares for them. 30 31 Aaker (1996), ibid. p. 114. Aaker (1996), ibid. pp. 118-130. 10 †¢ Presence and success. The image of an organization behind a brand contributesRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 PagesLumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Mumbai Nairobi Sà £o Paulo Shanghai Taipei Tokyo Toronto Oxford is a registered trade mark of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries Copyright  © 2003 by Ennis Barrington Edmonds The moral rights of the authors have been asserted Database right Oxford University Press (maker) All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the priorRead MoreLiterature Review Summary19571 Words   |  79 Pagesperformance through some of its antecedents among who are attributes of service quality, retention of customer and loyalty, and management of customer relationship at a highly dynamic and competitive United Kingdom retail industry. The thesis takes the philosophy of realism as a stance which means observation can only be regarded as credible if it is made from different perspectives and creates greater efficiency and effective research conduct (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe and Jackson, 2008 p.63-73). ResearchRead More65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays 2nd Edition 147256 Words   |  190 PagesScott Griffin Daniel Lewis 113 117 121 124 128 132 136 vi Contents Dale Schilling Erik Johnson 140 143 Vi. setback or failUre Chris Withers Eugenia Gibbons John Richard Craig Ellis Irfhan Rawji Thomson Nguy Anonymous Jordan Burton 150 152 154 157 159 161 163 165 Vii. ethical issUes Anonymous PaulYeh Rye Barcott Anonymous Adam Heltzer Anonymous Anonymous 171 174 177 180 183 186 189 Viii. other QUestion Nathan Dutzmann Anonymous David Zhang John Schmit 197 200 203 206 vii Contents

Friday, May 15, 2020

Gentrification Of Downtown Kansas City - 1856 Words

Gentrification can be defined simply as the shift in the makeup of the people in a community. It is the transition in a community from a run down, poorer area to a more wealthy demographic. Gentrification starts with the increase of property values caused by brokers and real estate agents. These brokers and real estate agents usually benefit the most from gentrification. Businesses that are moving in are storefront coffee shops, cafes, boutiques, etc. Since these newer, nicer shops are occupying the storefront, the rent for the apartments above rise, causing many people to lose their homes. The new tenants that move into these apartments are typically young and hip. They prefer to hang out at these coffee shops below. These new landlords are more in touch with the demographic changes and are looking to change the area in order to make money. The older, current landlords do not see a need for change. Some people will argue that gentrification is inevitable. While gentrification is ha pping all over the world, I did my research specifically on downtown Kansas City, Missouri, Harlem, New York, and DUMBO, Brooklyn, New York. Gentrification comes with both positive and negative effects. These three areas each show a unique perspective on gentrification. An example of gentrification that has already happened in New York is DUMBO; it stands for â€Å"Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass.† DUMBO is an older area of Brooklyn. David Walentas is the founder. David Walentas made aShow MoreRelatedOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagessociety from agrarian to industrial. The concept of division of labour lay at the very Case study Making pins in Gloucester, England Pinmaking by hand started in the early 1600s in Gloucester, England. By 1802, there were nine factories in the city employing 1,500 people and exporting pins to North America and Spain. It was an industry that required the skills of a number of different artisans. Adam Smith, the pioneering economist, considered pinmaking a classic example of the ‘division of labour’

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Welfare And Health Care Reform - 1527 Words

Chapter 17 of the textbook We the People: An Introduction to American Politics covers the topic of social policy. The two main issues of social policy in today’s society are welfare and health care reform. They are considered the main issues because they require the most government spending, and are the two most controversial and debated parts of social policy in America. America has always had some sort of welfare state. Before the Great Depression, a time of great economic hardship in this country, local governments, churches and private charities were in charge of caring for the poor. People had a choice to help or not to help the poor. The federal government did very little. At this time, there were two groups or classes of poor people: the deserving poor and the undeserving poor. Society said the deserving poor were widows, orphans, and those that were disabled. The undeserving poor were those who just did not want to work. When the Great Depression began in 1 929, everybody was having a hard time. At this time, the people saw a need for public assistance. In turn, under President Roosevelt, the Social Security Act of 1935 was passed. This Act began Social Security or the government funding of welfare. There are two types of welfare: contributory or noncontributory. Contributory programs are financed by income taxes also called forced savings. With contributory programs, the people have no choice. They have to contribute to their own possibleShow MoreRelatedThe Potential Abolishment of Government Assistance Programs 1248 Words   |  5 PagesThe Potential Abolishment of Government Assistance Programs Government Assistant Programs such as Welfare, Food stamps, Daycare, Healthcare, Energy, Communication and Transportation should be kept because they serve as an aid to people who need them. Past and current supporters of extirpating Government Assistant Programs claim that social security is number one on the list for needing to be suppressed. There are some who say that social security is a mandatory Ponzi scheme that has a bad effectRead MoreChina s Reform Plan For Implementing Healthcare System Reform1359 Words   |  6 Pages China’s reform plan in 2009 Almost at the time, China released two important healthcare reform documents in 2009. The first, the State Council’s Opinions on Furthering Healthcare System Reform is a broad document that sets the reform framework through 2020. The second, the Ministry of Health’s Implementation Plan for Immediate Priorities in Healthcare System Reform, provides a more detailed map for the next three years. According to the China BusinessRead MoreThe Rights Of The United States1356 Words   |  6 Pagesfamilies who benefitted from these health care programs. Prior to this bill, lawful permanent residents were eligible for public benefits on more or less the same terms as citizens (Fix, 2002). After 1996, human rights revoked to legal immigrants and essentially didn’t even put them in the same category as citizens, presenting them with challenges to obtain any type of health care access for not only themselves, but also their families. The health care reforms made by Bill Cli nton in 1996 directlyRead MoreEssay on The Welfare Reform Law1058 Words   |  5 PagesSince the Welfare reform law was introduced in 1996 it has impacted American society greatly. The new welfare policy, named the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), replaced the Aid to Family and Dependent Children (AFDC) program; they have five known differences that only affect the ones who need the assistance. Critics argue that the TANF has negatively impacted the society while some argue that it has not. Linda Burnham, author of â€Å"Welfare Reform, Family Hardship Woman of Color,†Read MoreEssay on Welfare Reform1372 Words   |  6 PagesWelfare Reform Look at our nation! We have industrial technology, an education system, advanced health care, a banking system, plenty of food available and so much more that is easily accessible. If all this is available to everyone, why are there people that dont have places to sleep and things to eat? The fact that the United States is a rich country is the key reason why people, that are willing, will never starve or go without having shelter. The biggest objection that people have withRead MoreEssay about The Welfare Programs and The Economy in the United States 1138 Words   |  5 PagesSmall businesses are contrived to give all of their employees health care due to Medicare. Through the terms of ObamaCare, small businesses are compelled into closing their doors because of all the hand outs they have to get to their employees. When small business begin to become more successful and make more money, Medicare takes their profits away and gives it to people who dont really need it. ObamaCare and Medicare have both taught ignorant Americans to not get a job because they can get theRead MoreWelfare to Work: Does It Really Benefit Single Parents? Essay961 Words   |  4 PagesWelfare to Work: Does It Really Benefit Single Parents? When President Clinton signed the Personal Responsible Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in August of 1996, it ended welfare as we know it. Under this reform, wages and earnings replaced welfare, but many critics felt only problems arose from this program. Welfare to work forces poor and single parents into jobs that do not supply sufficient living wages (Albelda 1). These single parents can never work enough hours to support their familiesRead MoreThe Welfare Policies And Welfare Programs1232 Words   |  5 Pagesdeciding who is eligible for welfare and for what amount of time, though federal funds can only be provided for five years of benefits over the lifetime of the recipient. Women currently have very few options when it comes to working and caring for their children. The next section of this paper will discuss the welfare policies aimed at alleviating the struggle of women to care provide for themselves and their children. Welfare Programs and Eligibility There are several welfare programs that are availableRead MoreAn Analytical Comparison Between England And Florida s Child Protection1619 Words   |  7 PagesEducation Committee (2012) and Eastman (2014) both note that serious improvements are needed within England’s child protection services. England and Florida share similar welfare states and benefits systems. 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Comparing the Great Gatsby and Winter Dreams - 2747 Words

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Effects Of Motivation On Employee Productvity In Wesfarmers

Question: Discuss about the Effects of Motivation on Employee Productvity in Wesfarmers. Answer: Introduction Background of proposed research: Employee productivity is prerogative in any corporate and non corporate organization in order to streamline the flow of operations and services. Several parameters influence the productivity of human capital, primary among them being monetary incentives along with motivation. Research Aims and Objectives: The research intends to focus upon impacts of employee motivations upon labor turnover of Wesfarmers. The study aims towards application of human resource models along with survey among past and present employees of Wesfarmers in order to evaluate the causes and subsequent repercussions of employee motivation. Research Questions and Problem Statement: Whether monetary appraisals are adequate to prevent high employee turnover? Whether non monetary appraisals play a role in affecting employee motivation? Whether gender of employee affects the level of workplace motivation? The accessibility issues pertaining to the large employee base of Wesfarmers limits the scope of collecting responses from both current and ex-employees. Rationale of the study: Present studies fail to explain the motivation level of employees engaged in the retail and service industry. Moreover, the explanation in available literature is limited on the issues behind high employee turnover in the aforementioned industry. Therefore, I intend to evaluate the factors that impacting the motivation level of employees at Wesfarmers. Figure 1: Contents of the proposal (Source: As created by the author) Chapter 2: Literature Review Introduction Over a period of 40 years numerous set of studies based on psychology and human resources management came up, however, in terms of factors delving into level of employee turnover in services industry, available literatures fail to adequately address the issue. Thereby, it can be inferred that a new set of research on intrinsic and extrinsic factors that motivates the employee can be useful towards policy formulation by business managers and human resource management. Selected researches on motivation Multiple researches conducted on employee motivations have provided numerous attributes to employee motivations. Frederick Hertzberg has postulated the dual factor theory of workplace motivation inferring that different sets of jobs profile that are heterogeneous in nature comprises the level of satisfaction along with dissatisfactions. In Hertzbergs theory employee motivation is dependent upon motivators and hygiene factors (Ramlall, 2012). Motivator factors related to employee motivation through various forms of diversity and inherent job satisfactions. Whereas, hygiene factors comprise of monetary and non monetary privileges provided to the employees in the form of salary, monetary increments and workplace environment. Review of published literature in terms of employee motivation propounds that expectations regarding non monetary incentives, intrinsic incentives pertaining to job role and magnitude of job responsibilities along with performance feedback are the independent factors influencing the level of employee motivation. Provision of performance evaluation is counterproductive is restraint of adequate organization framework that compliments feedback by employees Chaudhary and Sharma (2012) In addition to that Van De Voorde et al. (2012) mentions holistic approach with regards to the employee rewarding structure, the non financial increments in terms of increased supervision along with promotional activities and exposure to different sets of job responsibilities tends to enhance the workplace motivation of employees. Moreover, Mikkelsen et al.(2014) mentions that payment as per performance enhances the level of productivity among present employees motivating them to increase efficiency, however if no incentive ceiling is maintained such payment structure can diminish co-operations among employees in turn diminishing motivation and intrinsic job satisfaction among employees. Manzoor (2012) mentions that the quantum of alignment of employee goals with that of the employer organization ensures streamlining of work flows through incremental levels of motivation. In terms of placing strain on the employees there ought to be a trade off as regards to adequate degree of compensation both in terms of financial increments along with non monetary incentives through allocating the higher number of leaves, higher degree of assistance at workplace along with increased job opportunities. Relevant Theories: McGregors Theories: McGregor suggests that organizations comprises of hierarchical pyramids pertaining to human nature coupled with motivation. Moreover, McGregor inferred that as regards to the theory of hierarchical needs it has several drawbacks that pertains to the adaptability of the theory universally. In contrast McGregor propounds another theory that takes into and environment conducive to growth and coordination among employees. Therefore, in case of a situation where high turnover ratio is the norm in an organization, the employers should focus upon following a mix of dual set of theories. Informal work groups: Lzroiu (2015) proposes that informal work groups tends to provide incremental levels of productivity and reduces the overall levels of workplace dissatisfaction. Moreover, an informal environment tends to reduce communication bottlenecks thereby providing enhanced sets of feedback mechanism and employee redresses in turn complimenting the level of motivation among employees. Chapter 3: Research Methodology Research onion: Figure 2: Research Onion (Source: Elnaga and Imran, 2013) Research onion is a graphical representation of different sets of primary and secondary activities as regards to the research undertaken. Research Philosophy: The current research seeks to follow a positivism approach as objective of the research pertains to evaluation of evidences regarding employee motivation level in case of Wesfarmers. Moreover, as the research seeks to provide conclusions based upon real facts therefore positivism approach is better suited as compared to realism or interpritivism. Research Approach: The research shall follow a deductive approach of research as the author seeks to follow a top down approach with regards to collection and analysis of data. Moreover, formulation of hypothesis have been made and appropriate qualitative methods are required to be deployed with regards to hypothesis testing against sets of evidences to be collected regarding proposed research. Research Design: Descriptive research design is required to be followed in the current case as responses collected from the participants in the research, the present and ex-employees of Wesfarmers, are required to be kept unaltered in order to come up with unbiased inferences. Data Collection Process: In case of current study primary data collection method is required to be applied. The data required in order test the hypothesis is currently unavailable from secondary sources. Therefore, through primary data collection method the analysis regarding the motivation of employees are taken into account. Data is required to be collected through online survey by distribution of questionnaires to the current and former employees of the company. Sampling Method: The method to be followed for the sampling of data pertains to non probabilistic purposive sampling. Sample Size: In terms of number of the respondents, sample size pertaining to proposed research is taken at 45 in order in collect responses from the current and ex-employees of Wesfarmers. Ethical Consideration: The research shall be made with genuine data sets collected from authentic respondents who are currently working or have previously worked at Wesfarmers and manipulations as regards to data along with preparation of biased set of survey questionnaires are prevented. . Summary The proposal focuses upon examining impact of employee motivation on productivity and follows a deductive approach of research. Moreover, survey of employees of Wesfarmers is planned to be conducted in order to collect primary evidence on impact of motivation through non probability sampling. Expected Outcomes: The current study would be able to provide insights into the correlation among the labor productivity with level of motivation infused into the workers. Moreover, the research will be able to evaluate the effectiveness of financial and non financial increments on the motivation level of employees. Moreover, the proposed study also examines whether gender of employees affects the level of motivation. References: Chaudhary, N. and Sharma, B., 2012. Impact of employee motivation on performance (productivity) in private organization.International Journal of Business Trends and Technology,2(4), pp.29-35. Cherian, J. and Jacob, J., 2013. Impact of self efficacy on motivation and performance of employees.International Journal of Business and Management,8(14), p.80. Elnaga, A. and Imran, A., 2013. The effect of training on employee performance.European Journal of Business and Management,5(4), pp.137-147. Lzroiu, G., 2015. Employee Motivation and Job Performance.Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, (14), pp.97-102. Manzoor, Q.A., 2012. Impact of employees motivation on organizational effectiveness.Business management and strategy,3(1), p.1. Mikkelsen, M.F., Jacobsen, C.B. and Andersen, L.B., 2014. Managing employee motivation: Exploring the connections between managers' enforcement of command systems, employee perceptions, and employee intrinsic motivation.International Public Management Journal. Ramlall, S., 2012. A review of employee motivation theories and their implications for employee retention within organizations.Journal of American Academy of Business,5(1/2), pp.52-63. Van De Voorde, K., Paauwe, J. and Van Veldhoven, M., 2012. Employee well being and the HRMorganizational performance relationship: a review of quantitative studies.International Journal of Management Reviews,14(4), pp.391-407.